Indirect jobs are those created outside the regional center commercial enterprise. Examples are: suppliers or material or independent contractor increasing the number of employees due to your project. Induced jobs are those that were created due to the economic impact made by the commercial enterprise.
Indirect jobs are jobs created by the JCE as it purchases supplies or other items for its business. An induced job is a job that is created by employees of the JCE spending their money. The reality is that all that matters is that you can count both and they are calculated per an economic formula.
It is important to understand the distinctions. A direct job as defined by USCIS is one that encompasses W-2 employees of a new commercial enterprise in which the investor invests. Economists define direct jobs as direct employees of the job creating enterprise/construction company. Direct jobs can only be counted in Direct EB-5 investment projects or in a situation where the regional center project will encompass construction that lasts greater than two years. Note, any assertions that construction will last longer than two years must be independently supported by credible evidence. Indirect jobs and induced jobs can only be counted if the investment is made under the auspices of a regional center sponsored project. They cannot be counted in Direct EB-5 investment projects. Indirect jobs are created in situations where the project company purchases, for example, goods and services from local firms, e.g. locally manufactured windows, etc. It also includes the services of security companies, attorneys, etc. Induced jobs are created as a result of the expenditures made by the employees of the new investment project. These could include shopping costs, real estate transactions, etc. The ultimate difference is that whereas an indirect job relates to supplies that support the actual investment project, the induced jobs relate to benefits that arise from the increased expenditures made by the direct and indirect employees. The Regional Center using the economist''s model can count both indirect and induced jobs (non-W2 employees) and if the construction lasts greater than two years, the direct jobs may also be counted.
For EB-5 purposes, there is no difference. Both indirect and induced jobs can be factored into the economic methodology to obtain the indirect job count. Economists define these types of jobs differently, but they both can be used in the calculations.
Indirect jobs are those jobs created outside the regional center commercial enterprise. This is a major advantage in the calculation of jobs created by the investment of funds within the conditional residency period. Indirect jobs are employees of the producers of raw materials or services for example, which the regional center enterprise implements in its business. Included as indirect jobs are those jobs that are induced, meaning jobs that are created as a result of the economic impact made by the commercial enterprise. For example, when employees are being paid they then in turn go out and spend money which leads to additional induced jobs. Economists and models are used to calculate these figures.